A sole proprietorship refers to an individual who operates a business, and is generally the simplest way to set up business. The sole proprietor is subject to unlimited liability - this means that the sole proprietor is fully responsible for all debts and obligations related to his or her business. A creditor with a claim against a sole proprietor would normally have a right against all of the sole proprietor's assets, both business and personal.
A partnership refers to an agreement in which two or more persons combine resources to carry on business with a view to making a profit. Partners share in the profits of the partnership according to the terms of the agreement.
In a partnership, all the partners share the management of the business, and each partner is personally liable for all the debts and obligations of the business. Thus, each partner is responsible for and must assume the consequences of the actions of the other partner(s).
The Indian partnership act, 1932 governs the partnership in India. Two or more persons can form a partnership for the purpose of doing business. The partnership is not necessarily created by an agreement or a contract executed in writing. There can be partnership by oral agreement or the agreement may be inferred form the conduct of the parties.
A partner is an agent of the firm for the purpose of business. Registration of partnership is not necessary. However, the non registration of partnership has the following effects: